Maria Montessori, Italy's first woman doctor, opened Casa dei Bambini (Children's House) to provide education to low-income children in Rome. Instead of using traditional teaching methods, Maria Montessori began testing her own child-centered educational theories in the classroom. Using scientific observation and the experience gained from her previous work with young children, Dra. Montessori designed unique learning materials for them, many of which are still used in Montessori classrooms today, and created a classroom environment that encouraged children's natural desire to learn.
Children are built from what they find in their environment. Maria Montessori, who in 1896 became the first woman doctor in Italy, discovered this fact through research on children with disabilities. Her findings on how children learn inspired her to return to the University of Rome to study psychology and philosophy, and later teach anthropology. Montessori founded its first Casa dei Bambini, (Casa de los Niños) to teach sixty disadvantaged children.
Through scientific observation of these children, Dr. Montessori acknowledged that “they responded to the materials with deep concentration, which resulted in a fundamental change in their way of being, moving from ordinary fantasy behavior, inattention and disorder, to a state of profound peace, calm and order within their environment. The Montessori method of education is a system of education for children that seeks to develop natural interests and activities rather than using formal teaching methods. It was developed by physician Maria Montessori.
It emphasizes independence and considers that children are naturally eager for knowledge and are able to start learning in a sufficiently conducive and well-prepared learning environment. The underlying philosophy can be considered to be derived from the Deployment Theory. Discourages some conventional performance measures, such as grades and tests. Montessori developed his theories at the beginning of the 20th century through scientific experimentation with his students; since then, the method has been used in many parts of the world, both in public and private schools.
In 1907, a momentous event occurred that would forever influence early childhood education for the better. Maria Montessori opened a child care center for significantly underserved children aged 3 to 7 in a poor area of Rome's urban center. He called his school Casa dei Bambini in Italian after “Casa de los Niños”. The Montessori Method was developed by Dr.
Maria Montessori at the beginning of the 20th century. It is a specific child-centered educational method that involves child-led activities (called “work”), classrooms with children of different ages and teachers that promote independence among their students. Montessori opened a child care center in a poor neighborhood of Rome. He called it Casa Dei Bambini (Casa de los Niños) and the first Montessori school was established.
The intention was for her to create a place to educate the children of poor and working parents. He began to apply what he had previously learned in his pediatric psychiatric setting, as well as using the materials he had developed there. The National Center for Montessori in the Public Sector reports that of the 5,000 Montessori schools in the U. Hearing about this eye-catching donation and some of the prominent figures educated in a Montessori program may make you want to learn more about what Montessori is and the possible pros and cons of adopting this educational approach.
By 1929, Montessori had established an organization to help promote its method, the Association Montessori Internationale, based in Barcelona, Spain. The innovative Montessori Method also began to attract the attention of outstanding educators eager to learn it. One thing led to another, and from Rambusch's subsequent Montessori schooling and vigorous efforts to promote the Method in the U. Montessori education also spread throughout the world, including Southeast Asia and India, where Maria Montessori was interned during World War II.
Those efforts, described in a May 1961 article in Time magazine, sparked renewed interest in the Montessori method on a scale similar to the response to the McClure article of 1911. In just over 100 years, the Montessori method has gone from being a small school in Rome to around 5,000 schools in the U. After working with children with mental disabilities, Montessori adapted its methods for preschoolers and then further adapted its approach for elementary and middle school students. Montessori classrooms for children 2+1⁄2 or 3 to 6 years old are often called Children's Houses, in honor of the first Montessori school, Casa dei Bambini in Rome in 1906.The critical pamphlet of 1914 The Montessori System, examined by influential education teacher William Heard Kilpatrick, limited the spread of Montessori's Ideas, which languished after 1914.
After her medical training, Maria Montessori began to develop her philosophy and educational methods in 1897, attending pedagogy courses at the University of Rome and learning educational theory. Montessori's long visit to California fueled American interest in Montessori education and its visionary founder, helping to boost Montessori education across the country. Montessori perceived specific elements of human psychology that his son and collaborator Mario Montessori identified as human tendencies in 1957. If these pros and cons of Montessori education are really exciting for you, you might want to consider becoming a Montessori teacher.