Montessori is a method of education that is based on self-directed activity, hands-on learning and collaborative play. In Montessori classrooms, children make creative choices in their learning, while the classroom and the highly trained teacher offer age-appropriate activities to guide the process. The Montessori method was developed by Dr. Maria Montessori at the beginning of the 20th century.
It is a specific child-centered educational method that involves child-led activities (called “work”), classrooms with children of different ages and teachers that promote independence among their students. In Montessori education, the teacher's role is to guide children in their learning without becoming an obstacle and without becoming too involved in the natural learning process. Therefore, Professor Montessori is a facilitator, not a lecturer. Montessori teachers encourage children to learn by placing students, rather than the teacher, at the center of the experience.
Provide appropriate learning materials for each child after close observation in the specially prepared learning environment. Teachers also demonstrate and model learning activities, while giving students freedom to learn their way. Montessori teachers manage classroom behaviors by modeling ongoing respect for all children and their work, observing and using sensitive periods, interests and skills to plan activities, and diverting inappropriate behavior to meaningful tasks. The Montessori method was created at the beginning of the 20th century by Maria Montessori, an Italian educator and physician.
The philosophical principle behind the Montessori method is that every child has his own inner guide to self-directed development. The teacher acts as a guide, watches the classroom to remove obstacles to learning, but does not participate as a direct instructor. Teacher-delivered lessons often include how to use or play with the various educational toys in the classroom. Montessori is an educational philosophy developed by the Italian doctor Dr.
It is characterized by multi-age classrooms, specially designed learning materials, child-led learning, collaboration, absence of grades and individual or small group exams and instructions. Maria Montessori, one of the first Italian doctors, used her sensorimotor technique developed while working with children with mental disabilities to help normally developing children from low-income families. In 1907, he founded the first Montessori Children's House (Casa dei Bambini) and provided services to preschool children in a housing project in Rome. In the United States, due to the 2001 federal law known as No Child Left Behind, educators have begun to use more didactic teaching methods appropriate for older children in preschool settings10.Children aged three to five are increasingly expected to sit still and listen to lessons without interacting in the traditional school environment.
That's why it's important to make sure you understand what a real Montessori curriculum looks like and the fundamentals behind its methods. However, despite the reputation that Montessori learning outcomes are better and the theoretical reasoning behind them, researchers have found that different Montessori schools produce contradictory and contradictory results. The Montessori method suggests that children learn best in an environment that is prepared to allow them to do things themselves. After her medical training, Maria Montessori began to develop her philosophy and educational methods in 1897, attending pedagogy courses at the University of Rome and learning educational theory.
The National Center for Montessori in the Public Sector reports that of the 5,000 Montessori schools in the U. The Montessori method is most often applied at the preschool level because it focuses on early childhood development. Known for learning at an individual pace and encouraging independence, the Montessori Method fosters empathy, a passion for social justice and the joy of lifelong learning. As for specific learning materials, the Montessori method is based on certain types of materials, and they differ according to the age of the student.
Because Montessori strongly believes in people's innate interest in learning, it encourages children of all ages to continue their intellectual exploration beyond the walls of the classroom (“North American Montessori Center, n. The Montessori Method promotes rigorous and self-motivated growth of children and adolescents in all areas of their development: cognitive, emotional, social and physical. Not only is the Montessori method a popular global approach to education, it has also produced some of the most successful leaders in the world. Montessori perceived specific elements of human psychology that his son and collaborator Mario Montessori identified as human tendencies in 1957.
In addition, even for those studies that demonstrate effectiveness to some extent, it is difficult to know what exactly the Montessori method is. effective, since there are many different components that make this philosophy unique. The Montessori educational method, named after its founder Maria Montessori, is an approach to classroom learning that emphasizes independence and choice. .