Montessori is a method of education that is based on self-directed activity, hands-on learning and collaborative play. In Montessori classrooms, children make creative choices in their learning, while the classroom and the highly trained teacher offer age-appropriate activities to guide the process. The Montessori method was developed by Dr. Maria Montessori at the beginning of the 20th century.
The Montessori approach to education is based on the idea that every child has an innate desire to learn. It puts the student at the center of their learning experience, allowing them to explore and discover their own interests and abilities. The teacher's role is to provide guidance and support, while allowing the student to take ownership of their learning. In a Montessori classroom, students are encouraged to work independently and collaboratively.
The environment is designed to be stimulating and engaging, with materials that are tailored to each student's individual needs. The teacher acts as a facilitator, observing and guiding students as they explore and learn. The Montessori method also emphasizes respect for all children and their work. Teachers observe and use sensitive periods, interests and skills to plan activities, and divert inappropriate behavior to meaningful tasks.
This helps create an atmosphere of mutual respect and understanding in the classroom.The Montessori approach has been used in schools around the world since its inception in 1907.It has been proven to be effective in helping children develop cognitively, emotionally, socially and physically. Not only does it foster empathy, a passion for social justice and the joy of lifelong learning, but it has also produced some of the most successful leaders in the world.The Montessori method is most often applied at the preschool level because it focuses on early childhood development. It is characterized by multi-age classrooms, specially designed learning materials, child-led learning, collaboration, absence of grades and individual or small group exams and instructions.As for specific learning materials, the Montessori method is based on certain types of materials, which differ according to the age of the student. These materials are designed to help children explore their environment and develop their skills in a safe and stimulating environment.The Montessori educational method has been proven to be effective in helping children develop cognitively, emotionally, socially and physically.
It encourages independence, self-motivation and exploration beyond the walls of the classroom. It also fosters empathy, a passion for social justice and the joy of lifelong learning.