The Montessori method of education is a system of education for children that seeks to develop natural interests and activities rather than using formal teaching methods. It was developed by physician Maria Montessori. It emphasizes independence and considers that children are naturally eager for knowledge and are able to start learning in a sufficiently conducive and well-prepared learning environment. The underlying philosophy can be considered to be derived from Deployment Theory.
It discourages some conventional performance measures, such as grades and exams. Montessori developed his theories at the beginning of the 20th century through scientific experimentation with his students; since then, the method has been used in many parts of the world, both in public and private schools.