For example, using if-then phrases, helping the child to consider the natural consequences of various choices, allow maximum freedom within a range of options, validate the child's emotions. Key principles of positive discipline overlap with Montessori theory. For example, the approach is based on mutual respect, desires self-reliance and focuses on enabling children to appropriate their behaviour. The approach also has a long-term point of view, much like the work that is devoted to early childhood lessons.
Montessori classrooms use the Positive Discipline approach created by Jane Nelsen, Ed, D. This approach assumes the best in children, collaborates with them, and empowers them to develop self-discipline and problem-solving skills. It's easy to read about Positive Discipline, but it can be difficult to put it into practice. This philosophy requires a paradigm shift away from what you were probably raised with.
To effectively implement the Positive Discipline approach in your classroom, you may need to relearn many of your core beliefs about managing and teaching young children. This reference sheet can be used as a general reference or to reframe your thinking when you need it. Positive Discipline is not based on punishments such as threats, isolation or random consequences to motivate children. Because this approach understands that what children need is encouragement and support, punishment is considered ineffective.
In addition, Jane Nelsen recognizes that punishments are effective in the short term, but cautions against their long-term effects. Adults often worry about being permissive when they take a positive approach to discipline. However, Positive Discipline is as far from permissive as it is authoritarian. Strategies such as encouragement and redirection do not necessarily allow children to evade structure and order.
It is possible to be quite firm while still being kind and gentle. Over time, you can become even more effective with a positive approach than with a punishment-based philosophy. Teachers often scold children for chatting with each other, as they “should be working or talking out of turn in class.”. Jane Nelsen, like Maria Montessori, however, reminds us that socialization is part of the nature of the child.
Montessori Guides will be most successful when they create productive opportunities for children to discuss and talk. In general, Montessori and Positive Discipline seek to meet the needs of the child, not to mold the child into something that is not developmentally appropriate. Jane Nelsen explains that all behavior is “goal-oriented,” meaning that the child acts with a purpose, whether that purpose is conscious or unconscious. Often, undesirable behavior is due to reasons that the child is not fully aware of.
It is the teacher's responsibility to look into the underlying causes of misconduct. When you have identified them, take steps to resolve the child's problem in a positive way. Therefore, in clear opposition to traditional discipline, neither the child nor his behavior is the real problem. Children who behave badly are often called “bad children who “don't fit”.
In the first observance, one might assume that they don't want to fit in. Otherwise, they wouldn't “choose to act the way they do. That assumption cannot be further from the truth. Positive Discipline understands that all children want to belong to the basic human level.
There is no greater human need than belonging. So instead of assuming that a child who behaves badly doesn't mind fitting in, we need to realize that he wants to fit in more than anything else. They just don't understand how. Once you are able to change your perspective, the reasons behind problematic behaviors become much easier to discern and address.
Even when they are young, children want to know what is expected of them; they also want to be part of the community. This is because your child loves you and wants to be loved by you. Children are also driven to explore, grow and develop a sense of independence as they discover the world around them. To do this safely, children need their parents to show them how things are done.
The Montessori method tells us that there is a fine line between freedom and discipline. Maria Montessori herself stated that discipline is less a fact and more a form. In other words, discipline is cultivated together with inner growth and awareness. This is why their Montessori school in Philadelphia gives students freedom within boundaries, where they can develop their own control center, giving them the ability to choose between good and evil on their own.
It may be hard not to get angry with your child for inappropriate behavior, but you need to stay calm. Get up to their level and remind them what appropriate behavior looks like. For example, if the child is being aggressive towards another person, tell him that his hands are for holding, drawing and carrying things, not for hitting. Children tend to react better to clear and concise information.
It's consistent and reliable, and they thrive on that structure. Children are often able to make their own decisions after a certain age. However, your child may be disappointed if the reward is not immediate or if there are too many options and consequences associated with it. To help your child, start by making decisions as simple as possible.
For example, you can limit their toy selection to two or three items instead of an entire treasure. If you know your child can't make an informed decision about something, avoid coming to the rescue. Instead, talk to your child about what might happen to the decision and comfort them if they are upset about it. Try to draw their attention to things they can decide for themselves.
This also works when your child misbehaves. For example, you return home from school and your child immediately drops his bag on the door and goes to watch TV. You can say in a neutral voice, “What are we supposed to do when we get home? or “What is the first rule of the house? Do not allow the child to continue with the next activity until he or she has completed the first activity. If you constantly bribe, reward and punish children for doing or not doing something, then you are not giving them the opportunity to develop their own moral compass or manage their expectations.
Children want to grow, learn and have the opportunity to master their skills and emotions. As a parent or guardian, you can use their seriousness to your advantage. Keep calm, validate your child's emotions and guide him through the possible consequences of his actions. You can set clear boundaries while supporting your child's independence, so that he or she actively develops a sense of discipline.
Montessori schools take a different approach to discipline. In a Montessori program, children receive discipline, but they are also given freedom. Montessori classrooms treat children with respect and trust that they will learn from the mistakes they make. How can a parent support this independence? Allow your child to help clean and cook.
Give them the responsibility of making their own bed, feeding the dog or washing windows. And, although it's hard, allow them as they struggle through small tasks like buttoning their shirts and tying their shoes. These tasks develop the character of the child. Preschoolers are usually in what the Montessori Method designates as the second level of obedience.
When they exhibit undesirable behavior, it may be due to an ignorance of desirable behavior, and it is the task of parents and educators to teach them good and evil in the Montessori Method. Children of different ages will need a different approach to discipline under the Montessori Method, eventually working to foster what Montessori called “joyful obedience.”. The Montessori discipline method may seem like a complex system without “real discipline”, and it is certainly not traditional. However, the Montessori Method has been shown to help children become self-respecting, self-motivated and.
Children enrolled in schools using the Montessori Method will be encouraged to become self-respecting and disciplining individuals. Those who choose to have their child follow the Montessori method do so because the method guides the child to. Even so, it is just as important for parents to practice the Montessori Method of Discipline at home as it is to practice it in the classroom. Rather than using a wait time, the Montessori Method encourages “sticking” both in the classroom and at home.
Elementary school students (students entering first and second grade) must be able to achieve the third level of obedience as defined by the Montessori Method, provided they receive appropriate care and attention to the discipline at an earlier age. The Montessori Method asks educators and parents to go beyond that level so that children internalize the difference between right and wrong and develop the critical thinking skills to understand that actions have consequences. The Montessori Method requires parents to have conversations about the emotions that cause bad behavior, and those conversations are crucial to the emotional outbursts of both parents and children. Often, bad deeds come with their own negative consequences, and even if they don't, the Montessori Method discourages negative reinforcement.
With these ten secrets, you will gain a broad understanding of the Montessori Method framework. The core of the Montessori Method is to promote the self-motivated growth of children and adolescents by making them aware of their choices and the consequences that this entails. . .